BENZOPHENONE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO 119-61-9

BENZOPHENONE

EINECS NO. 204-337-6
FORMULA (C6H5)2CO
MOL WT. 182.22
H.S. CODE 2914.39

CLASSIFICATION

 

TOXICITY Oral rat LD50: > 10 gm/kg
SYNONYMS Diphenyl ketone; Benzoylbenzene; phenyl ketone; Oxoditane;
alpha-Oxoditane; Oxodiphenylmethane; Diphenylmethanone; alpha-Oxodiphenylmethane;
SMILES benzene & benzoyl chloride with aluminium chloride catalyst

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE white flakes or crystals with rose like odor
MELTING POINT 48 - 49 C
BOILING POINT 305 - 306 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.11
SOLUBILITY IN WATER

Insoluble

AUTOIGNITION  
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY  
NFPA RATINGS Health: 1 Flammability: 1 Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 
FLASH POINT

143 C

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS

Benzophenone, an aromatic ketones (diphenyl ketone), is an important compound in organic photochemistry and perfumery as well as in organic synthesis. It is a white crystalline substance with rose-like odor; insolube in water; melting point 49 C; boiling point 305 - 306 C. Benzophenone is used as a constituent of synthetic perfumes and as a starting material for the manufacture of dyes, pesticides and drugs (especially anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs). Benzophenone is used as a photoinitiator of UV-curing applications in inks, adhesive and coatings, optical fiber as well as in printed circuit boards. Photoinitiators are compounds that break down into free radicals upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Photoinitiators undergo a unimolecular bond cleavage upon irradiation to yield free radicals (benzoin esters; benzil ketals; alpha-dialkoxy acetophenones; alpha-hydroxy alkylphenones; alpha-amino alkylphosphine; acylphosphine oxides). Another type of photoinitiators undergo a bimolecular reaction where the excited state of the photoinitiator interacts with a second molecule (a coinitiator) to generate free radicals (benzophenones, amines; thioxanthones, titanocenes). Ultraviolet radiation has more energy than visible light, and thus degrade the physical properties such as the appearance of organic substances and plastics. Benzophenones can act as optical filters or deactivate substrate molecules that have been excited by light for the protection polymers and organic substances. They, cosmetic grades, are used as sunscreen agents to reduce skin damage by blocking UV-A, B.

Chemical ingredients for sunscreen are;

  • p-Aminobenzoic acids
    • p-Aminobenzoic acid (CAS #: 150-13-0)
    • p-Aminobenzoic Acid, monoglyceryl Ester (CAS #: 136-44-7)
    • p-Aminobenzoic Acid, octyl dimethyl Ester (Padimate 0, CAS #: 21245-02-3)
    • p-Aminobenzoic Acid, ethyl dihydroxypropyl  (Roxadimate, CAS #: 58882-17-0)
    • p-Aminobenzoic Acid, 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethylbutanamide ester
    • Octyl Triazone (CAS #: 88122-99-0)
    • p-Aminobenzoic Acid, PEG-25 (CAS #: 116242-27-4)
  • Anthranilates
    • Menthyl anthranilate (CAS #: 134-09-8)
  • Benzophenones
    • Benzophenone (CAS #: 119-61-9)
    • 2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone (Benzophenone-1, CAS #: 131-56-6)
    • 2,2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone (Benzophenone-2, CAS #: 131-55-5)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (Benzophenone-3, Oxybenzone, CAS #: 131-57-7)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonic Acid (Benzophenone-4, Sulisobenzone, CAS #: 4065-45-6
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonic Acid, Monosodium Salt (Benzophenone-5, CAS #: 6628-37-1)
    • 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone (Benzophenone-6, CAS #: 131-54-4)
    • 5-Chloro-2-hydroxybenzophenone  (Benzophenone-7, CAS #: 85-19-8)
    • 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (Benzophenone-8, Dioxybenzone, CAS #: 131-53-3)
    • 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone-5,5'-disulfonic Acid Sodium Salt (Benzophenone-9, CAS #: 76656-36-5)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-4'-methyl-benzophenone (Benzophenone-10, Mexenone, CAS #: 1641-17-4)
    • Bis(2,4-ihydroxyphenyl)Methanone (Benzophenone-11, CAS #: 1341-54-4)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-(Octyloxy)Benzophenone (Benzophenone-12, Octabenzone, CAS #: 1843-05-6)
    • 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone [Dioxybenzone, CAS #: 131-53-3)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (Oxybenzone, CAS #: 131-57-7)
    • 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulphonic Acid  (Sulisobenzone, CAS #: 4065-45-6)
  • Camphors
    • Benzylidene Camphor Sulfonic Acid (CAS #: 56039-58-8)
    • 3-Benzylidene Camphor (CAS #: 15087-24-8)
    • Polyacrylamidomethyl Benzylidene Camphor (CAS #: 113783-61-2)
    • Terephthalylidene Dicamphor Sulfonic Acid (CAS #: 90457-82-2)
    • 3-(4-Methylbenzyliden)Camphor (CAS #: 36861-47-9)
    • Camphor Benzalkonium Methosulfate (CAS #: 52793-97-2)
    • Bornelone (CAS #: 2226-11-1)
  • Cinnamates
    • Ethyl Cinnamate (CAS #: 103-36-6)
    • 2-Ethoxyethyl-p-methoxycinnamate (Cinoxate, CAS #: 104-28-9)
    • Isoamyl P-methoxycinnamate (CAS #: 71617-10-2)
    • Diisopropyl Methyl Cinnamate (CAS #: 32580-71-5)
    • 2-Ethylhexyl Alpha-cyano-beta-phenylcinnamate (Octocrylene, CAS #: 6197-30-4)
    • Diethanolamine Methoxycinnamate (CAS #: 56265-46-4)
    • Isopropyl Methoxycinnamate (CAS #: 5466-76-2)
    • Isoamyl P-methoxycinnamate (CAS #: 71617-10-2)
    • Glyceryl Octanoate Dimethoxycinnamate
    • Ethyl Diisopropylcinnamate (CAS #: 32580-72-6)
    • Ethyl Methoxycinnamate  (CAS #: 99880-64-5)
    • Octyl Methoxycinnamate (CAS #: 5466-77-3)
  • Dibenzoylmethanes
    • Dibenzoylmethane (CAS #: 120-46-7)
    • Isopropyl Dibenzoylmethane (Eusolex, CAS #: 63250-25-9)
    • 4-tert-Butyl-4'-methoxy-dibenzoylmethane (Avobenzone, CAS #: 70356-09-1)
  • Salicylates
    • 3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl Salicylate (Homosalate, CAS #: 118-56-9)
    • Benzyl Salicylate (CAS #: 118-58-1)
    • Octyl Salicylate (CAS #: 118-60-5)
    • 2-Hydroxyethyl Salicylate (CAS #: 87-28-5)
    • Menthyl Salicylate (CAS #: 89-46-3)
    • Isopropylbenzyl Salicylate  (CAS #: 94134-93-7)
  • Imidazoles
    • Phenylbenzimidazole
    • Phenylbenzimidazol-5-sulfonic Acid (CAS #: 27503-81-7)
    • Phenylbenzimidazole Tea Sulfonate  (CAS #: 73705-00-7)
    • Urocanic Acid [4-imidazoleacrylic Acid, CAS #: 104-98-3]
    • Ethyl Urocanate (CAS #: 27538-35-8)
    • Bisymidazylate (CAS #: 180898-37-7)
    • Sodium Phenylbenzimidazole Sulfonate (CAS #: 5997-53-5)
  • Others
    • Petrolatum Jelly (CAS #: 8009-03-8)
    • Ethyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate (Etocrilene, CAS #: 5232-99-5)
    • Diurethane Dimethacrylate (CAS #: 103597-45-1)
    • Drometrizole Trisiloxane (CAS #: 155633-54-8)
    • Bis(Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenol) Triazine (CAS #: 187393-00-6
    • 2-(2-Hydroxy-5-methyl-phenyl)Benzotriazole  (Drometrizole, CAS #: 2440-22-4)
    • Dioctyl Butamido Triazone (CAS #: 154702-15-5)
  • Inorganic compounds (physical sunscreens)
    • Titanium dioxide
    • Zinc oxide
SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

white flakes
PURITY

99.5% min

MELTING POINT

47 - 49 C

COLOR, HAZEN

70 max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS Not regulated
UN NO.

 

BENZOPHENONE SERIAL

Number

Chemical name

CAS RN

Benzophenone-1

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone

131-56-6

Benzophenone-2

2,2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone

131-55-5

Benzophenone-3

Oxybenzone

131-57-7

Benzophenone-4

Sulisobenzone

4065-45-6

Benzophenone-5

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sodium sulfonate

6628-37-1

Benzophenone-6

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone

131-54-4

Benzophenone-7

Chlorohydroxy benzophenone

85-19-8

Benzophenone-8

Dioxybenzone

131-53-3

Benzophenone-9

Disodium 2,2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxy-5,5'-disulfobenzophenone

3121-60-6

Benzophenone-10

Mexenone

1641-17-4

Benzophenone-11

Bis(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)methanone

1341-54-4

Benzophenone-12

Octabenzone

1843-05-6

PRICES

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