SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 108-30-5

SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE

EINECS NO. 203-570-0
FORMULA C4H4O3
MOL WT. 100.07
H.S. CODE 2917.19.2700
TOXICITY Oral rat LD50: 1510 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Dihydro-2,5-furandione; 2,5-Diketotetrahydrofuran; SAA;
Succinyloxide; Dihydro-2,5-diketotetrahydrofuran; Succinic acid anhydride; Tetrahydro-2,5-dioxofuran; 2,5-Dioxotetrahydrofuran; SAA; Butanedioic anhydride; Bernsteinsäureanhydrid (German); Anhídrido succinico (Spanish); Anhydride succinique (French); Succinyl peroxide; Succinic anhydride; Succinyl anhydride; Tetrahydro-2,5-furandione;
SMILES C1(OC(=O)CC1)=O

CLASSIFICATION

Carboxylic acid anhydride, Anhydride monomer

EXTRA NOTES

Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE

White flakes

MELTING POINT

119 - 120 C

BOILING POINT 261 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY

1.504

SOLUBILITY IN WATER 62 g/l (Decomposes)
SOLVENT SOLUBILITY Soluble in chloroform, carbon tetrachloride
VISCOSITY 3 cps at 125 C
VAPOR DENSITY

3.7

log P 0.81 (Octanol-water)
HENRY LAW CONSTANT 1.57E-05 (atm-m3/mole at 25 C)
OH RATE CONSTANT 4.56E-13 (cm3/molecule-sec at 25 C Atmospheric )

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 2; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT 147 C
STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

EXTERNAL LINKS & GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Wikipedia Linking

Material Safety Data Sheet

Google Scholar Search

Drug Information Portal (U.S. National Library of Medicine) - Succinic anhydride

PubChem Compound Summary - Succinic anhydride

IPCS INCHEM - CYCLIC ACID ANHYDRIDES: HUMAN HEALTH ASPECTS

Local:
Succinic Anhydride is mainly used in the manufacture of polymeric materials (alkyd and other special resins). It is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, dyes, photographic chemicals, surface active agents, lubricant additives, organic flame retardant materials, esters, flavours and fragrances. Its application include as a cross-linking agent in ion-exchange membranes, curing agent for epoxy resins and starch modifier in foods and feeds.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SUCCINIC ACID: Succinic Acid  (also called Butanedioic Acid) is a dicarboxylic acid with four carbon atoms, occurring naturally plant and animal tissues and that plays a significant role in intermediary metabolism (Krebs cycle). It is a colourless crystalline solid with a melting point of 185-187º C, soluble in water, slightly dissolved in ethanol, ether, acetone and glycerine, but not dissolved in benzene, carbon sulfide, carbon tetrachloride and oil ether. The common method of synthesis of succinic acid is the catalytic hydrogenation of maleic acid or its anhydride. Succinic acid has uses in certain drug compounds, in agricultural and food production, and in perfume esters manufacturing. 

Dicarboxylic acid is a compound containing two carboxylic acid, -COOH, groups. Examples are shown in table. In substitutive nomenclature their names are formed by adding -dioic' as a suffix to the name of the parent compound. They can yield two kinds of salts, as they contain two carboxyl groups in its molecules.

Structure & Length

Common Name

Formula

Melting Point

Straight C2

Oxalic Acid (Ethanedioic Acid)

HOOCCOOH

187 C

Straight C3

Malonic Acid (Propanedioic Acid)

HOOCCH2COOH

136 C

Straight C4

Succinic Acid (Butanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)2COOH

190 C

Straight C5

Glutaric Acid (Pentanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)3COOH

99 C

Straight C6

Adipic Acid (Hexanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)4COOH

152 C

Straight C7

Pimelic Acid (Heptanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)5COOH

106 C

Straight C8

Suberic Acid (Octanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)6COOH

143 C

Straight C9

Azelaic Acid (Nonanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)7COOH

106 C

Straight C10

Sebacic Acid (Decanedioic Acid)

HOOC(CH2)8COOH

134 C

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

White flakes

PURITY

99.5% min

SOLIDIFICATION POINT

118 C min

MOLTEN COLOR

100 max ( Hazen)

MALEIC ANHYDRIDE

0.5% max
TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in Bag,
HAZARD CLASS Not regulated
UN NO.  
SAFETY INFORMATION

HAZARD OVERVIEW

Harmful if swallowed. Irritating to eyes and respiratory system. Target Organs: Eyes, Respiratory system, Liver. OSHA Hazards: Harmful by ingestion., Irritant

GHS

 

SIGNAL WORD Warning

PICTOGRAMS

HAZARD STATEMENTS

H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.

PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

P261 Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ eye protection/ face protection.
P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

EC DIRECTIVES

 

HAZARD CODES

Xi Irritant

RISK PHRASES

36/37:  Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.

SAFETY PHRASES

25:  Avoid contact with eyes.

PRICE INFORMATION