ISOAMYL ACETATE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 123-92-2

ISO-AMYL ACETATE

EINECS NO. 204-662-3
FORMULA CH3COOCH2CH2CH(CH3)2
MOL WT. 130.19

H.S. CODE

2930.90

SMILES

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 16,600 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Isopentyl Acetate; -methyl-1-butanol acetate; Banana Oil;
Acetato De Isoamilo; 3-Methylbutyl acetate; amyl acetate ester; 3 3-Methyl-1-Butyl Acetate; acetic acid 3-methyl butyl ester; isopentyl ester acetic acid; isopentyl alcohol, acetate; pear oil; Beta-methyl butyl acetate;

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE

clear, colorless liquid with a banana-like odor

MELTING POINT

-78 C
BOILING POINT 142 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.868 - 0.878

SOLUBILITY IN WATER

Slightly (Soluble well in Ethyl Butyrate; Isoamyl Butyrate)
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY 4.5

REFRACTIVE INDEX

1.400 - 1.404
NFPA RATINGS Health: 1 Flammability: 3 Reactivity: 0
FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

APPLICATIONS

Acetate is the ester that an organic group replaces a hydrogen atom in -OH group of acetic acid through reaction (typically condensation) with alcohols. Condensation is the reaction in which two molecules having -OH groups are joined with eliminating a water molecule from their -OH groups. They are produced by esterification reaction from acetic acid and the corresponding alcohol in the presence of strong acids like sulfuric acid. This reaction is reversible and acetate can be hydrolyzed back into alcohol and acetic acid in the presence of strong bases or strong acid, especially at elevated temperature. The term acetate is also for the salt that one or more of the hydrogen atoms of acetic acid are replaced by one or more cations of the base, resulting in a compound containing the negative organic ion of CH3COO-. Lower acetate is a non-polar to weak polar aprotic solvent which have some solubility portion in water. Its miscibility with water gets higher at elevated temperature. Higher acetates have a low solubility in water and used as extraction solvents for fine chemicals particularly for certain antibiotics. Organic acetates are good solvents for a broad range of resins as they are miscible with almost all common organic liquids. Due to their powerful solvency, high volatility and mild odor, acetates are widely used as solvents for paints, coatings, adhesives, cellulose, plastics, fats, wood stains. Additionally ether acetates series are also widely used as solvents. This surfactant-like structure provides the compatibility between water and a number of organic solvents, and the ability to couple unlike phases. The main products include ethyleneglycol monoethyl ether acetate, ethyleneglycol monobutyl ether acetate, and propyleneglycol monomethyl ether acetate. Aromatic acetates such as benzyl acetate are also useful solvent. Benzyl acetate has jasmine like odor. Isoamyl acetate has a similar smell to both banana and pear. Acetates have characteristic fruity odor. They are used as component of perfumes and flavorings. They are used as chemical intermediate to manufacture pharmaceuticals, synthetic flavorings, cleaners, and other organic compounds.

Acetate

FORMULA

CAS RN

B.P C

Methyl acetate CH3COOCH3 79-20-9 57 - 58
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H5 141-78-6 76.5 - 77.5
Propyl acetate CH3COOCH2CH2CH3 109-60-4

101 - 102

Isopropyl acetate CH3COOCH(CH3)2 108-21-4 89

Butyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)3CH3

123-86-4

124 - 126 
isobutyl acetate CH3COOCH2CH(CH3)2 110-19-0 115 - 117

Amyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)4CH3

628-63-7

149
Isoamyl acetate CH3COOCH2CH2CH(CH3)2 123-92-2 142

Hexyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)5CH3

142-92-7

170 - 172

Heptyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)6CH3

112-06-1

192 - 193
Octyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)7CH3 112-14-1 205 - 211
Nonanyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)8CH3 143-13-5 212

Decyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)9CH3

112-17-4

272
Undecyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)10CH3 112-19-6 269 - 271

Lauryl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)11CH3

112-66-3

265
Tridecyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)12CH3 1072-33-9

 

Myristyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)13CH3 638-59-5

 

Pentadecyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)14CH3

629-58-3

 

Cetyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)15CH3

629-70-9

 

Heptadecyl acetate CH3COO(CH2)16CH3 822-20-8

 

Stearyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)17CH3

822-23-1

 

Behenyl acetate

CH3COO(CH2)21CH3

822-26-4

 

Hexacosyl acetate

C28H56O2

822-32-2

 

Triacontyl acetate

C32H64O2

41755-58-2

 

Benzyl acetate CH3COOCH2C6H5 140-11-4 213 - 214
Bornyl acetate C12H20O2 76-49-3 228 - 231
Isobornyl acetate C12H20O2 125-12-2 229 - 233
Cyclohexyl acetate CH3COOC6H11 622-45-7 172 - 173
SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

Clear liquid, free from suspended matter
PURITY 99.0% min
ISO-AMYL ALCOHOL 1.0% max
ACIDITY 0.01% max (AS ACETIC ACID)
WATER (KF) 0.1% max
RESIDUE ON IGNITION 100ppm max
DISTILLATION RANGE 135 - 145 C
COLOUR (HAZEN) 20 max
TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 180kgs in Drum
HAZARD CLASS 3
UN NO. 1104
OTHER INFORMATION