TEA TREE OIL


PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 68647-73-4

 

ELINCS/EINECS NO. 285-377-1
FORMULA Mixture
MOL WT. Mixture

H.S. CODE

3301.29

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50 : 1900 mg/kg

SYNONYMS Melaleuca Oil; Melaleuca alternifolia oil; Melasol; Ti tree
Melaleuca Alternifolia Oil; Ti-trol; Teebaumol (German);
SMILES Oil of Melaleuca alternifolia

CLASSIFICATION

 

EXTERNAL LINKS & GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The term "Tea Tree" includes species of the genus Leptospermum and Melaleuca, the latter covering more than 200 species (Byres 1986) of the family Myrtaceae. The most common and economically important member of this group is the Australian Tea Tree, Melaleuca alternifolia (Maid. and Bet.) Cheel (syn. M. linariifolia var. alternifolia Maid. and Bet.). Its native habitat is restricted to the swamps and water-courses of the subtropical coastal region of New South Wales in Australia between 32° and 27°S, growing best in high-rainfall areas, or low rain-fall areas with irrigation. It is a small tree 5-7m, naturally forming impenetrable thickets, and being coppiced easily. As one travels from South to North of its natural habitat, so the leaf oil composition changes, being 1,8-cineole rich in the South, and high terpinen-4-ol, low 1,8-cineole in the North. Leaf oil content can range from 0.5 to 3.0%, but yield from traditional design waterdistillation is 1%, unless more modern still design is used. In the last few years the tree has also been successfully cultured in more diverse locations such as Zimbabwe, Kenya, Vietnam, India, Guatemala and China, among others. (http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/)

Tea tree oil is the essential oil steam distilled from the Australian native plant, Melaleuca alternifolia. Tea tree oil contains  over 100 components, the majority being monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and their alcohols. The antibacterial properties of tea tree oil have now been well documented, and there are susceptibility data on a wide range of bacteria. There is also considerable information identifying the components of tea tree oil active against bacteria and yeasts. Until recently there have only been anecdotal claims about tea tree oilí»s anti-inflammatory activity. The only specific report on anti-inflammatory properties of tea tree oil has been of an in vitro study published as an abstract in which the addition of tea tree oil to lipopolysaccharideprimed neutrophils inhibited superoxide release by approximately 85%. The concentration of tea tree oil used was 0.05% v/v.(http://www.burnaid.com/)

Tea Tree Oil is the essential oil extracted by the steam distillation of the foliage of the Melaleuca alternifolia (also known as punktree, paperbark-tree) belong to the family of Myrtaceae. Tea Tree Oil is a combination of more than 100 components, mostly monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and terpene alcohols. The major component for antimicrobial and antifungal activity is terpinen-4-ol (typically 30-40%). Tea Tree Oil has been used as a general antiseptic for thousands of years. It is being an ingredient in skin care,  health care, cosmetic and toiletry products due to its benefits of anti fungal, antiseptic, germicidal and anti-bacterial properties. It is also used as a natural cleaner, pharmaceuticals, veterinary and disinfectant in the household product.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE Colourless to pale yellow liquid with spicy odour
MELTING POINT  
BOILING POINT

 

SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.885 - 0.906
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble (Soluble in Alcohols)
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY

 

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RARINGS

 

REFRACTIVE INDEX

1.4780
FLASH POINT

57 C

STABILITY

Stable under ordinary conditions

APPLICATIONS

Antiseptic and Antifungal Products, Cosmetics, Household Products, Disinfectants Perfumery and Industrial uses.

SALES SPECIFICATION
APPEARANCE Colourless to pale yellow liquid
ODOR DESCRIPTION Nutmeg Pine Warm Spicy Terpene
TERPINEN-4-OL 37.0% min or 38.0% min (pharmaceutical grade)
1,8-CINEOLE

5.0-10.0% or 4.0% max (pharmaceutical grade)

OPTICAL ROTATION +5 ~ +15
ALPHA-PINENE

1.0 - 6.0%

ALPHA-TERPINENE

5.0 - 13.0%

ALPHA-TERPINEOL

1.5 - 5.0%

AROMADENDRENE

7.0% max

DELTA-CADINENE

8.0% max

GAMMA-TERPINENE

10.0 - 28.0%

GLOBULOL

3.0% max

LIMONENE

4.0% max

P-CYMENE

12.0% max

SABINENE

3.5% max

VIRIDIFLOROL

1.5% max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING

18kgs , 55kgs , 185kgs in Drum

HAZARD CLASS  
UN NO. 2319
OTHER INFORMATION

FEMA NO.: 3902