BEHENYL ALCOHOL

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 661-19-8

BEHENYL ALCOHOL

EINECS NO. 211-546-6
FORMULA CH3(CH2)20CH2OH
MOL WT. 326.60
H.S. CODE 2905.29

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 12800 mg/kg
SYNONYMS 1-Docosanol; docosan-1-ol;
Behenic alcohol; Docosyl alcohol; Docosanol-(1); n-Eicosanol;

DERIVATION

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE white solid
MELTING POINT 65 - 73 C
BOILING POINT 180 C at 0.22 mm Hg
SPECIFIC GRAVITY  
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble
pH

 

VAPOR DENSITY  
AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS Health: 1; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 
FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATIONS

Fatty alcohols, derived from natural fats and oils, are high molecular straight chain primary alcohols. They include lauryl (C12), MyrIstyl (C14), Cetyl ( or palmityl: C16), stearyl (C18), Oleyl (C18, unsaturated), and Linoleyl (C18, polyunsaturated) alcohols. There are synthetic fatty alcohols equivalent physically and chemically to natural alcohols obtained from oleochemical sources such as coconut and palm kernel oil. Fatty alcohols are emulsifiers and emollients to make skin smoother and prevent moisture loss. Identical fatty esters are used to improve rub-out of formulas and to control viscosity and dispersion characteristics in cosmetics, personal care products and pharmaceutical ingredients. As chemical intermediates, the primary use of fatty alcohols are as raw material for the production of fatty sulfate salts and alcohol ethoxylates for foaming and cleaning purposes in the field of detergent industry. Chemical reactions of primary alcohols include esterifications, ethoxylation, sulfation, oxidation and many other reactions. Their derivatives and end use applications include;
  • Nonionic surfactants (Ethoxylates and propoxylates)
  • Anionic surfactants (Alkyl sulfates and alkyl ethoxy sulfates)
  • Chemical intermediates and  polymerization modifiers (Alkyl halides, Alkyl mercaptans)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds for detergent sanitisers, softner for textiles, phase transfer catalyst and biocides
  • Antioxidants for plastics (Alkyl thiopropionates and alkyl phosphites)
  • Lubricant additives (Metallic and thio alkylphosphates)
  • Flavor and Fragrance (Aldehydes and ketones)
  • PVC plasticizers (Dialkyl Phthalates, adipates and trimellitates)
  • Coatings and inks (acrylate and methacrylate esters)
  • Water treatment (acrylate and methacrylate esters)

Large amount of fatty alcohols are used as special solvents, fillers in plasticizer and insulating materials for the building industry. Fatty alcohols are used as ingredients in the industries of agricultural, foodstuff, metal processing, cosmetics, lube additive, pharmaceutical, rubber, textile, perfume and flavouring as well as synthetic detergent.

In pharmaceutical application, behenyl alcohol (a saturated 22-carbon alcohol) exhibits antiviral activity against lipid-enveloped viruses including herpes simplex virus (HSV). Behenyl alcohol is used as an ingredient in the cream for topical treatment of recurrent herpes. It acts by inhibiting fusion between the human plasma cell membrane and the viral envelope.
LSALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

white solid

ASSAY

78.0 - 85.0% (C22 Alcohol)

ACID VALUE

0.2 max ( mg KOH/g)

IODINE VALUE

1.0 max ( mg KOH/g)

SAP VALUE

1.0 max ( mg KOH/g)

COLOR, APHA 100 max
TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS Not regulated
UN NO.  
OTHER INFORMATION
European Hazard Symbols: , Risk Phrases: , Safety Phrases: 22-45/46

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FATTY ACID

Fatty Acids are aliphatic carboxylic acid with varying hydrocarbon lengths at one end of the chain joined to terminal carboxyl (-COOH) group at the other end. The general formula is R-(CH2)n-COOH. Fatty acids are predominantly unbranched and those with even numbers of carbon atoms between 12 and 22 carbons long react with glycerol to form lipids (fat-soluble components of living cells) in plants, animals, and microorganisms. Fatty acids all have common names respectively lilk lauric (C12), MyrIstic (C14), palmitic (C16), stearic (C18), oleic (C18, unsaturated), and linoleic (C18, polyunsaturated) acids. The saturated fatty acids have no solid bonds, while oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid has one solid bond (also described as olefinic) and polyunsaturated fatty acids like linolenic acid contain two or more solid bonds. Lauric acid (also called Dodecanoic acid) is the main acid in coconut oil (45 - 50 percent) and palm kernel oil (45 - 55 percent). Nutmeg butter is rich in myristic acid (also called Tetradecanoic acid ) which constitutes 60-75 percent of the fatty-acid content. Palmitic acid(also called Hexadecylic acid ) constitutes between 20 and 30 percent of most animal fats and is also an important constituent of most vegetable fats (35 - 45 percent of palm oil). Stearic acid ( also called Octadecanoic Acid)  is nature's most common long-chain fatty acids, derived from animal and vegetable fats. It is widely used as a lubricant and as an additive in industrial preparations. It is used in the manufacture of metallic stearates, pharmaceuticals, soaps, cosmetics, and food packaging. It is also used as a softener, accelerator activator and dispersing agent in rubbers. Oleic acid (systematic chemical name is cis-octadec-9-enoic acid) is the most abundant of the unsaturated fatty acids in nature.
  • SATURATED FATTY ACIDS

COMMON NAME

SYSTEMATIC NAME

CAS RN

Length

MELTING POINT

Undecylic Acid

n-Hendecanoic Acid 112-37-8 Straight 11:0

30 C

Lauric Acid n-Dodecanoic Acid 143-07-7 Straight 12:0

44 C

Tridecylic Acid

n-Tridecanoic Acid

638-53-9 Straight 13:0

42 C

Myristic Acid n-Tetradecanoic Acid 544-63-8 Straight 14:0

54 C

Pentadecanoic Acid n-Pentadecanoic Acid 1002-84-2 Straight 15:0

52 C

Palmitic Acid n-Hexadecanoic Acid 57-10-3 Straight 16:0

62 C

Margaric Acid

n-Heptadecanoic Acid

506-12-7 Straight 17:0

61 C

Stearic Acid n-Octadecanoic Acid 57-11-4 Straight 18:0

70 C

Nondecylic Acid

n-Nonadecanoic Acid

646-30-0 Straight 19:0

70 C

Arachidic Acid n-Eicosanoic Acid 506-30-9 Straight 20:0

75 C

Henicosanoic acid

n-Heneicosanoic Acid

2363-71-5 Straight 21:0

74 C

Behenic Acid

n-Docosanoic Acid

112-85-6 Straight 22:0

81 C

Tricosanoic acid n-Tricosanoic acid 2433-96-7 Straight 23:0

80 C

Lignoceric Acid n-Tetracosanoic Acid 557-59-5 Straight 24:0

85 C

Pentacosanoic Acid

n-Pentacosanoic Acid

506-38-7 Straight 25:0

85 C

Cerotinic acid n-Hexacosanoic acid 506-46-7 Straight 26:0

87 C

Heptacosanoic Acid

n-Heptacosanoic Acid

7138-40-1 Straight 27:0

87 C

Montanic acid n-Octacosanoic acid 506-48-9 Straight 28:0

91 C

Nonacosanoic Acid

n-Nonacosanoic Acid

4250-38-8 Straight 29:0

91 C

Melissic acid n-Triacontanoic acid 506-50-3 Straight 30:0

93 C

 

n-Hentriacontanoic Acid

38232-01-8 Straight 31:0

 

Lacceroic Acid

n-Dotriacontanoic Acid

 

Straight 32:0

 

Ceromelissic Acid n-Tritriacontanoic acid

 

Straight 33:0

 

Geddic Acid n-Tetratriacontanoic acid

 

Straight 34:0

 

Ceroplastic Acid n-Pentatriacontanoic acid

 

Straight 35:0