CUPROUS THIOCYANATE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 1111-67-7

CUPROUS THIOCYANATE

EINECS NO. 214-183-1
FORMULA CHNS·Cu
MOL WT. 122.64

H.S. CODE

TOXICITY
SYNONYMS Thiocyanic acid, copper(1+) salt; Cuprous sulfocyanate;
Bardike; Cuprous sulfocyanide; Copper (I) Thiocyanate; Copper (I) thiocyanate; Copper thiocyanate; Kupferthiocyanat (German); Tiocianato de cobre (Spanish); Thiocyanate de cuivre (French);
SMILES  

CLASSIFICATION

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE gray to greenish yellow  powder
MELTING POINT

BOILING POINT
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
SOLUBILITY IN WATER

SOLVENT SOLUBILITY

pH
VAPOR DENSITY

AUTOIGNITION

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 3 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT Not considered to be a fire hazard
STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS

Cyanic acid (the isomer of fulminic acid) is an unstable (explosive), poisonous, volatile, clear liquid with the structure of H-O-CN (the oxoacid formed from the pseudohalogen cyanide), which is readily converted to cyamelide and fulminic acid. There is another isomeric cyanic acid with the structure of H-N=C=O, called isocyanic acid. Cyanate group (and isocyanate group) can react with itself. Cyanuric acid (also called pyrolithic acid), white monoclinic crystal with the structure of [HOC(NCOH)2N], is the trimer of cyanic acid. The trimer of isocyanic acid is called biuret.
  • Cyanic acid: H-N=C=O or H-O-CN
  • Fulminic acid: (H-C=N-O) or H-CN-O
  • Isocyanic acid: H-N=C=O
  • Cyanuric acid: HOC(NCOH)2N
  • Biuret: (NH2)CO)2 NH

Cyanic acid hydrolyses to ammonia and carbon dioxide in water. The salts and esters of cyanic acid are cyanates. But esters of normal cyanic acid are not known. The salts and esters of isocyanic acid are isocyanates. The isocyanate group reacts with the hydroxyl functional group to form a urethane linkage. Diisocyanates (or polyisocyanates) are monomers for polyurethane production. Polyurethane is made from a variety of diisocyanates in conjunction with polyether and polyester polyols as co-reactants by addition polymerization which needs at least two -N=C=O groups. Polyurethanes are widely used in the manufacture of flexible and rigid foams, fibres, coatings, and elastomers. If isocyanate monomer is polymerized with amine group, polyurea is produced. Cyanates (or Isocyanates) are readily reacts with various form of amine (including ammonia, primary-, secondary-amines, amides and ureas) and hydroxyl functional group. They are used in the synthesis for the target molecules such as pharmaceuticals, pesticides, textile softener, lubricants and industrial disinfectants. They can convert to polycyclic compounds such as hydantoins and imidazolons. They are used as plastic additives and as heat treatment salt formulations for metals.

Thiocyanate is a salt or ester of thiocyanic acid (HSCN). Aqueous solutions of thiocyanic acid , also called sulfocyanic acid, are very strong acids of the  equilibrium mixture of thiocyanic and isothiocyanic. Thiocyanates are bonded through the sulfur(s) with the structure R-S-CN or the isomeric R-N=C=S (isothiocyanates). Thiocyanates are bonded through the sulfur(s) which replace for the oxygen (O) atom. Thiocyanates are the sulfur analog of isocyanates. Organic as well as metallic thiocyanates [CuSCN, Ca(SCN)2, NaSCN, KSCN] are very versatile compounds. Isothiocyanates act as electrophiles with the carbon atom as the electrophilic center. They have wide range of applications as an intermediate to create a desired chemical compound through a series of chemical reactions for the industrial field includingf fungicide, bactericide, wood preservative, pharmaceutical and plastic and rubber. Some isothiocyanates are used in freezing solutions, fabric dyeing, electroplating, steel pickling, printing, and corrosion inhibitor against acid gases. They are used in photography industry as a stabilizer or accelerator. Certain isothiocyanates, such as phenethyl isothiocyanate and sulforaphane are known as chemopreventive agents against the development and proliferation of cancers. Allyl isothiocyanate, called mustard oil, shows also anti-tumor and anti-oxidant properties by inducing the activity of phase II detoxification enzymes in the urinary bladder.

Copper compounds form a protective barrier on the plant surface and thereby prevent fungi from entering the plant host. The fungicidal effect of copper compounds as non-systemic fungicides are such as bordeaux mixture, cupric hydroxide, copper arsenate, copper carbonate, cuprous oxide,  copper-8-quinolinolate, copper oleate, copper sulfate, or copper oxychloride. Another important biological application of copper compounds, such as copper sulfide is as an antifouling agent in paints.
SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

gray to greenish yellow  powder

Cu CONTENT

50.0% min

ASSAY

96.0% min

WATER

1.5% max

TRANSPORTATION

PACKING 25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS
UN NO.  
OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: XN, Risk Phrases: 20/21/22-32, Safety Phrases: 13