CAPRIC ACID

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 334-48-5

CAPRIC ACID

EINECS NO. 206-376-4
FORMULA CH3(CH2)8COOH
MOL WT. 172.27
H.S. CODE 2915.50

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: >10000 mg/kg.
SYNONYMS C-10 Acid; Neo-fat 10; Decanoic Acid; n-Capric Acid; n-Decoic acid;
1-Nonane Carboxylic acid; Caprinic acid; Decylic acid; n-Decanoic Acid; n-Decylic acid; Nonanecarboxylic acid;
SMILES  

CLASSIFICATION

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Carboxylic acid is an organic compound whose molecules contain carboxyl group and have the condensed chemical formula R-C(=O)-OH in which a carbon atom is bonded to an oxygen atom by a solid bond and to a hydroxyl group by a single bond), where R is a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or an aryl group. Carboxylic acids can be synthesized if aldehyde is oxidized. Aldehyde can be obtained by oxidation of primary alcohol. Accordingly, carboxylic acid can be obtained by complete oxidation of primary alcohol. A variety of Carboxylic acids are abundant in nature and many carboxylic acids have their own trivial names. Examples are shown in table. In substitutive nomenclature, their names are formed by adding -oic acid' as the suffix to the name of the parent compound. The first character of carboxylic acid is acidity due to dissociation into H+ cations and RCOO- anions in aqueous solution. The two oxygen atoms are electronegatively charged and the hydrogen of a carboxyl group can be easily removed. The presence of electronegative groups next to the carboxylic group increases the acidity. For example, trichloroacetic acid is a stronger acid than acetic acid. Carboxylic acid is useful as a parent material to prepare many chemical derivatives due to the weak acidity of the hydroxyl hydrogen or due to the difference in electronegativity between carbon and oxygen. The easy dissociation of the hydroxyl oxygen-hydrogen provide reactions to form an ester with an alcohol and to form a water-soluble salt with an alkali. Almost infinite esters are formed through condensation reaction called esterification between carboxylic acid and alcohol, which produces water. The second reaction theory is the addition of electrons to the electron-deficient carbon atom of the carboxyl group. One more theory is decarboxylation (removal of carbon dioxide form carboxyl group). Carboxylic acids are used to synthesize acyl halides and acid anhydrides which are generally not target compounds. They are used as intermediates for the synthesis esters and amides, important derivatives from carboxylic acid in biochemistry as well as in industrial fields. There are almost infinite esters obtained from carboxylic acids. Esters are formed by removal of water from an acid and an alcohol. Carboxylic acid esters are used as in a variety of direct and indirect applications. Lower chain esters are used as flavouring base materials, plasticizers, solvent carriers and coupling agents. Higher chain compounds are used as components in metalworking fluids, surfactants, lubricants, detergents, oiling agents, emulsifiers, wetting agents textile treatments and emollients, They are also used as intermediates for the manufacture of a variety of target compounds. The almost infinite esters provide a wide range of viscosity, specific gravity, vapor pressure, boiling point, and other physical and chemical properties for the proper application selections. Amides are formed from the reaction of a carboxylic acids with an amine. Carboxylic acid's reaction to link amino acids is wide in nature to form proteins (amide), the principal constituents of the protoplasm of all cells. Polyamide is a polymer containing repeated amide groups such as various kinds of nylon and polyacrylamides. Carboxylic acid are in our lives.

ALIPHATIC CARBOXYLIC ACIDS

COMMON NAME

SYSTEMATIC NAME

CAS RN

FORMULA

MELTING POINT

Formic Acid

Methanoic acid 64-18-6

HCOOH

8.5 C
Acetic AcidEthanoic acid64-19-7CH3COOH

16.5 C

Carboxyethane Propionic Acid 79-09-4CH3CH2COOH

-21.5 C

Butyric Acidn-Butanoic acid 107-92-6CH3(CH2)2COOH

-8 C

Valeric Acidn-Pentanoic Acid 109-52-4CH3(CH2)3COOH

-19 C

Caproic Acidn-Hexanoic Acid 142-62-1CH3(CH2)4COOH

-3 C

Enanthoic Acidn-Heptanoic acid 111-14-8CH3(CH2)5COOH

-10.5 C

Caprylic Acidn-Octanoic Acid 124-07-2CH3(CH2)6COOH

16 C

alpha-Ethylcaproic Acid2-Ethylhexanoic Acid 149-57-5CH3(CH2)3CH(C2H5)COOH

-59 C

Valproic Acid2-Propylpentanoic Acid 99-66-1(CH3CH2CH2)2CHCOOH

120 C

Pelargonic Acidn-Nonanoic Acid 112-05-0CH3(CH2)7COOH

48 C

Capric Acid n-Decanoic Acid 334-48-5CH3(CH2)8COOH

31 C

Caproic acid, Caprylic  acid, and Capric acid containing the 6-, 8-, and 10-carbon acids respectively are a member of the series of fatty acids found in oils and animal fats. The names of Caproic, Caprylic, and Capric acids are all derived from the word caper (Latin: 'goat'). These are colorless light yellowish transparent oily liquids with unconfortable smells. These are  used in organic synthesis, manufacture of perfume, medicine, lubricating grease, rubber and dye.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE white crystals
MELTING POINT 31 - 32 C
BOILING POINT

268 - 270 C

SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.90 - 0.905
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble (soluble in alcohol and ether)
AUTOIGNITION

pH

 

VAPOR DENSITY  
NFPA RATINGS Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT

1.4363

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions. Light sensitive.

APPLICATIONS

Organic Synthesis, Manufacture Of Perfume, Medicine, Lubricating, Grease, Rubber And Dye. Rubber & Latex, Plastics, Greases & Lubricants, Food Additives, Pharmaceuticals

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

white crystals
CONTENT

99.0% min (C10)

TITER

30 - 32 C

ACID VALUE

321 - 329

IODINE VALUE

0.5 max

SAPONIFICATION VALUE

322 - 330

COLOR

3Y 0.3R (5.25" Lovibond Cell)

COLOR, APHA

60 max

WATER

0.5% max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in drum
HAZARD CLASS
UN NO.
OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: XI, Risk Phrases: 36/38, Safety Phrases: 26-37/39