PHOSPHOROUS ACID

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO.

13598-36-2

PHOSPHOROUS ACID 

EINECS NO. 237-066-7
FORMULA

(HO)2HPO

MOL WT. 82.00

HS CODE

2811.19.6090

TOXICITY

Oral, rat LD50: 1895 mg/kg

SYNONYMS

Orthophosphorous acid; Dihydroxyphosphine oxide;

Phosphorus; Trihydroxide; Trihydroxyphosphine; Phosphonsäure (Dutch); ácido fosfónico (Spanish); Acide phosphonique (French);

SMILES OP(O)=O

CLASSIFICATION

Phosphorus oxoacid

EXTRA NOTES

Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3. This acid is diprotic (readily ionizes two protons), not triprotic as might be suggested by this formula. Phosphorous acid is an intermediate in the preparation of other phosphorus compounds.(wikipedia)

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE

Clear to yellowish Crystal

MELTING POINT

73 C

BOILING POINT 200 C (Decomposes)
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.651
SOLUBILITY 310 g/100ml
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY  

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS

Health hazard: 3, Fire: 0, Reactivity Hazard: 1

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Has not been fully evaluated. Hygroscopic, air sensitive.

EXTERNAL LINKS & GENERAL DESCRIPTION

USA.gov - Phosphorous acid

Wikipedia Linking - Phosphorous acid

Google Scholar Search - Phosphorous acid

U.S. National Library of Medicine - Phosphorous acid

PubChem Compound Summary - Phosphorous acid

KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) -  Phosphorous acid

http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/ -  Phosphorous acid

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ -  Phosphorous acid

Material Safety Data Sheet - Phosphorous acid

Hazardous Substances Data Bank - Phosphorous acid

EPA - Substance Registry Services - Phosphorous acid

Local:
Phosphorous acid is a clear to yellowish crystalline solid with a garlic like odour melting at 73 C, decomposes at 200 C. It is very soluble in water and in alcohol. This compound contains one direct P-H bond (which is not very acidic) and only two hydrogens bonded to oxygen (which are acidic). The structure of this material is more correctly written (HO)2HPO. For this reason, this dibasic acid forms two series of salts, one containing the dihydrogen phosphite ion, H2PO3 - , and the other containing the hydrogen phosphite ion, HPO32-. It is prepared by hydrolysis of phosphorus trichloride (or tetraphosphorus hexaoxide) with alcohols or phenols. Phosphorous acid esters are called phosphite with the formula (RO)3P. Phosphorous acid and phosphite are used as reducing agents in chemical industry because of easy oxidation property to phosphoric acid. They are used as antioxidant, stabilizer and chelating agent in plastic system. They are used as solvent in paint and as flame retardant on fibres. They are used as a chemical intermediate in the production of pharmaceutical ingredients, pesticides, optical brighteners and in lubricant additives and adhesives.

Applications: Raw material to prepare phosphites; stabilizers for plastics; Water treatment; Bleaching and Cleaning industry; Chemical manufacturing

DESCRIPTION OF PHOSPHORUS: Phosphorus is a nonmetallic chemical element in group 15 (nitrogen family, formerly Va) of periodic table; atomic number 15 atomic mass 30.9738; melting point ca 44.1 C (white); boiling point ca 280 C (white); specific gravity 1.82 (white), 2.34 (red), 2.70 (black); valence -3, +3, or +5 ; electronic config. 2-8-5 or 1s 22s 22p 63s 23p 3. The phosphorus molecule is composed of four phosphorus atoms, P4. Phosphorus exists in a number of allotropic forms [white (alpha and beta), red, black and/or violet] in the same physical state. White phosphorus is a white to yellow waxy substance which ignites spontaneously in air to form white fumes of phosphorus pentoxide and glows without emitting heat. Phosphorus is stored underwater as it is extremely poisonous, insoluble in water (but soluble in carbon disulfide). Commercial production of elemental phosphorus is prepared from phosphorite or phosphate rock (apatite, an impure calcium phosphate mineral) reacting with coke and sand or silica pebblesor at high temperatures in an electric furnace. Calcium silicate is produced as a by-product. White phosphorus is used as a deoxidizing agent in the preparation of steel and phosphor bronze. It is also used in rat poisons and to make smoke screens (by burning) for warfare. When white phosphorus is heated to about 250 C with air absence, it changes into the red phosphorus. Red phosphorus, a dark redish powder or crystal, does not ignite spontaneously unless heated to 200 C, does not phosphoresce and it is a little less dangerous than white phosphorus. It is used to make matches. Red phosphorus is prepared commercially by heating calcium phosphate with sand and coke in an electric furnace. Black allotrope is obtained industrially by heating at 300 C under pressure with a mercury catalyst. It has a layer structure and is stable. The major use of phosphorus compounds is in fertilizers, mainly as a mixture called superphosphate (calcium hydrogen phosphate), obtained from phosphate minerals by sulfuric acid treatment; and in nitrophosphates. Phosphorus is burned to make phosphorus pentoxide [phosphorus(V) oxide], a white solid used as a chlorinating agent in organic chemistry, as a drying agent and mainly converted to phosphoric acid used to make phosphates for fertilizers, electro chemical polishing and shaping, electroplating, metal cleaning and pickling in metal treatment by reaction with water. Phosphorus is highly reactive. A wide range of compounds is formed for uses in detergents, water softeners, pharmaceuticals, dentifrices, and in many other important applications. It forms metal phosphides and covalently bonded phosphorus(III) and phosphorus(V) compounds. Phosphoric acid can combine with certain alkaline elements to form salts called phosphates.

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

Clearto yellowish Crystal

PHOSPHOROUS ACID

98.5% min

PHOSPHATE

0.2% max

CHLORIDE

0.015% max

SULFATE

0.008% max

HEAVY METALS

15ppm max

IRON

15ppm max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING  
HAZARD CLASS 8 (Packing group)
UN NO. 2834
SAFETY INFORMATION

HAZARD OVERVIEW

GHS (Globally Harmonised System) Classification: Acute toxicity (Oral), Skin irritation, Serious eye damage, Acute aquatic toxicity. Hazard statements: Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Potential Health Effects; Eyes - Causes eye burns. Causes severe eye burns. Skin - Harmful if absorbed through skin. Causes skin burns. Ingestion - Harmful if swallowed. Inhalation - May be harmful if inhaled. Material is extremely destructive to the tissue of the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.

GHS

 

SIGNAL WORD

Danger

PICTOGRAMS

HAZARD STATEMENTS

H302-H314

P STATEMENTS

P273-P305 + P351 + P338

EC DIRECTIVES

 

HAZARD CODES

RISK PHRASES

22-35

SAFETY PHRASES

26-36/37/39-45