is a hard, malleable, ductile, lustrous, silvery white,
ferromagnetic metallic element in Group VIII of periodic
table; atomic number 28; atomic mass 58.69; melting
point ca 1,453°C; boiling point ca 2,732°C;
specific gravity 8.902 g/cm3; valence 0, 1, 2, 3; electronic
config. 2-1 or 4s 23ds8. It is a fairly good conductor
of heat and electricity. It takes on a high polish.
Its magnetic properties and chemical activity resemble
iron and cobalt. It has properties to form easily a
number of alloys. Some of the metals that nickel can
be combined with are iron, copper, chromium, and
zinc. Most of these nickel compounds have blue or green
color. Nickel dissolves in dilute acids slowly but will
be passive with nitric acid like iron. Fine nickel powder
adsorbs hydrogen and is in the hydrogenation of oils.
Nickel alloys are used in making coins and heat exchange
items like valve. The Most of nickel is used to make
stainless steel as a protective and ornamental coating
for less corrosion. Nickel is combined with many other
elements, including chlorine, sulfur, and oxygen, exist.
Most of these nickel compounds dissolve easily in water
and have a characteristic green or blue color with no
characteristic odor or taste. Nickel compounds are used
in plating, coloring ceramics, making some batteries,
and as chemical reaction catalysts.
(CAS #: 11133-76-9)
contains nickel; gray solid.
Acetate (CAS #: 373-02-4: anhydrous; 6018-89-9: tetrahydrate)
green crystals; decompose on heating; soluble in water
and alcohol; used in plating processes, anodize coatings
and as textile dyeing mordant.
alloys ((CAS #: 61431-86-5; 37187-84-1)
black powder or cubic crystals contains hydrogen and
residual aluminum; Insoluble in water and ethanol. Hydrogenation
alloy that is composed of an 8-10% aluminum bronze with
nickel added to increase strength, corrosion resistance,
and heat resistance; used for dies, molds, cast propellers,
and valve seats.
Ammonium sulfates (CAS #: 15699-18-0: Anhydrous; 25749-08-0;
green, crystalline compound, soluble in water; used
as a nickel electrolyte for electroplating.Also known
as ammonium nickel sulfate; solid nickel salt.
Antimonide (CAS #: 12035-52-8)
steel-gray to black mineral consisting of nickel antimonide
and sulfide, usually with a little arsenic, occurring
massive, and having a metallic luster. Also known as
yellow-green powder; soluble in acids, insoluble in
water; used as a fat- hardening catalyst in soapmaking.
Sulfarsenide (CAS #: 12255-10-6; 12255-11-7)
green to gray monoclinic mineral; used to spot veins
of nickel-bearing ore. usually found as apple-green
incrustations as an alteration product of nickel arsenides;
it is isomorphous with erythrite (Cobalt Bloom). Also
known as nickel bloom; nickel ocher; annabergite
commonly used storage battery of nickel anode, cadmium
cathode, and an alkaline electrolyte; used in cordless
appliances without recharging;
Carbonate (CAS #: 3333-67-3)
crystals that melting at 56 C (decomposes); soluble
in acid, insoluble in water; used in electroplating,
as a catalyst production for organic chemical manufacture,
petroleum refining and edible oil hardening.
Carbonyl (CAS #: 13463-39-3)
to brownish, flammable, poisonous liquid boiling at
43°C; insoluble in water; soluble in alcohol and
concentrated nitric acid; used in gas plating (vapor
decomposes at 60°C) and to produce metallic nickel,
as a catalyst for the production of acrylic, methacrylic
estes and tetrahydrofuryl alcohol; in carbonylation
process in organic compound synthesis.refining nickel
and nickel coatings.
Chloride (CAS #: 7718-54-9: Anhydrous; 7791-20-0: Hexahydrate)
in electroplating, electroforming ,electroless plating,
tea and coffee plantation, dye mordant, insecticides
Chromate (CAS #: 14721-18-7)
Chrome iron black color spinel (CAS #: 71631-15-7)
Cyanide (CAS #: 557-19-7)
water- insoluble bright-green powder; decomposes at
200 C; violently reacts with magnesium; used in electroplating
Disulfide (CAS #: 12035-51-7; 12035-50-6)
Ferrite (CAS #: 68187-10-0)
Formate (CAS #: 15843-02-4)
crystals; soluble in water; used as a hydrogenation
Hydroxide (CAS #: 12054-48-7; 11113-74-9 (amorphous))
black or blue-green solid; soluble in water and alcohol;
sublimes when heated.
storage battery composed of cells having nickel and
iron in an alkaline solution.Also known as Edison battery
pale-copper-red, hexagonal mineral with metallic luster;
an important ore of nickel; hardness is 5-5.5 on Mohs
scale.Also known as arsenical nickel; copper nickel;
Nitrate (CAS #: 13478-00-7: Hexahydrate)
oxidant; deliquescent, green crystals; Soluble in water,
alcohol and ammonia solution; used for nickel plating
and brown ceramic colors, manufacturing other nickel
salts and in catalysts.
(CAS #: 1271-28-9)
green crystals with a melting point of 171-173°C;
soluble in most organic solvents; used as an antiknock
Oxides (CAS #: 1313-99-1; 11099-02-8; 34492-97-2: Mono;
powder; soluble in acids and ammonium hydroxide; insoluble
in water; used in ceramic glazes, in glass manufacture,
in the preparation of alloys, in the Edison battery
in nickel salts make and for porcelain paints. Also
known as green nickel oxide.
light- green powder; soluble in acids and ammonium hydroxide,
insoluble in water; used for electroplating and production
of yellow nickel.
Sulfate (CAS #: 7786-81-4:Anhydrous; 10101-97-0: Hexahydrate;
in electroplating, as a mordant in dyeing, in preparation
of other nickel compounds, and in paints, varnishes,
and ceramics. Electroplating, Organic chemical synthesis,
Metal colouring, Dye mordant, Manufacturing other nickel
salts, Ni-Cd battery
Sulfide (CAS #: 16812-54-7; 11113-75-0 (amorphous);
alloy with 25-80% rhodium; can also contain other metals,
such as platinum or molybdenum; used for pen points,
reflectors, electrodes, and chemical equipment.
Selenide (CAS #: 1314-05-2; 12201-85-3)
silver-white alloy composed of 52-80% copper, 10-35%
zinc, and 5-35% nickel; sometimes also contains a few
percent of lead and tin.Also known as German silver;
Subselenide (CAS #: 12137-13-2)
Sulfarsenide (CAS #: 12255-10-6; 12255-11-7)
Telluride (CAS #: 12142-88-0; 24270-51-7)
Titanate (CAS #: 12035-39-1)