Ammonium fluoride is a white crystalline solid
soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol. Ammonium fluoride adopts the wurtzite crystal structure, in
which both the ammonium cations and the fluoride anions are stacked in ABABAB...
layers, each being tetrahedrally surrounded by four of the other. It is noncombustible
but decomposes to ammonia and hydrogen fluoride when heated
and to ammonia and ammonium bifluoride in hot water. It reacts with chlorine trifluoride causing explosion hazard
and attacks glass and
metal. It is corrosive to aluminum. This substance can cause fluoride poisoning. This compound is commonly called 'neutral
ammonium fluoride' to represent the neutral salt - [NH4]F.
As the acid salt contains a higher percentage of fluoride by mass, it is usually
used in preference to the neutral salt in the etching of glass. Ammonium fluoride
is used in: